Human Cloning in Terms of Islamic Law

Cloning is the name given to the result of the process of recreating a copy of the cells. Thus, the clone becomes a part of the creation process without the need for the mother. However, this process, which is an important scientific development, also raises ethical questions. It is necessary to answer why cloning is needed. The concept called civilization is reserved in the right answers to the right questions. On the other hand, the correct answers to a new scientific development may not be answered in the short term. However, the clarification of a subject clearly depends on this method.

Human cloning is not a necessity these days. However, this may become a necessity in the future. So, it is not right to stop the cloning work. But the ethical framework needs to be drawn. In this article, let us evaluate the approach of Islamic law to the subject.

Does Islam allow human cloning?

Al-Mu’minun 12-14 verses of the Qoran:
“And certainly did We create man from an extract of clay. Then We placed him as a sperm-drop in a firm lodging. Then We made the sperm-drop into a clinging clot, and We made the clot into a lump [of flesh], and We made [from] the lump, bones, and We covered the bones with flesh; then We developed him into another creation. So blessed is Allah, the best of creators.”

In this verse, God has stated that one can only be born from a mother. For this reason, it is understood that cloning is not suitable for Islam.

Can a cloned man have the rights and freedoms like a normal man?

Every living being with consciousness should have the necessary rights and freedoms. As Yunus Emre says, “We love creation because we love the creator”. This statement is an Islamic reflex. Therefore, the clone will not be subjected to any discrimination in Islam from the moment it gains consciousness. Respect and care will be taken. It won’t be any different. However, Islam attaches great importance to family structure. The debate that the clone may harm the family structure has just begun. I will follow the discussions and developments closely and tell them on to you.

Dr. Nurullah GÜNGÖR

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